Monday, 23 January 2012

The Holy Prophet of Islam Pre-Prophethood Period 571-610 C.E.

Birth of the Holy Prophet (Muhammad)
Hazrat Muhammad (peace be upon him), the Holy Prophet of Islam was born in Makkah in 571 A.D. Makkah which is known as "The Mother of the Cities", though situated in an arid and sterile valley enjoyed fame as a religious centre because of the location of the Holy Kaaba, the House of Allah. According to tradition the Holy Kaaba, was first built by Adam. After the Flood it was rebuilt by the Prophet Abraham and his son Ishmael. Makkah was also a great commercial centre, and controlled the caravan routes to Yemen, Syria, and Iraq.
In the Arab annals the year of the birth of the Holy Prophet is known as the "Year of the Elephant". During this year, an army under Abraha, the Christian ruler of Yemen invaded Makkah. The object was to destroy the Kaaba so that Makkah should lose its importance as a centre of pilgrimage.
Abraha rode on an elephant, an animal which the Arabs had not seen before. The custodians of the Kaaba were not strong enough to face the invaders in battle; they retired leaving the protection of the House of Allah to Allah Himself. And verily, Allah protected his House. A flock of birds pelted them with stones of baked clay that made the armed forces of the invaders like the dried powder minced by the cattle. An unusual storm of rain and hail swept over the valley and flooded the army camp. A strong wind lashed the countryside and Abraha and his hosts dispersed and retreated in despair and it proved to be the final retread of Christianity from the heartland of Arabia.
Ancestry of the Holy Prophet (Muhammad)
The Holy Prophet belonged to the noble family of the Quraish of Makkah who traced their descent from Hazrat Ishmael the son of Hazrat Abraham who flourished some two thousand years before the Christian era.
In the third century C.E., Fihr a descendant of Hazrat Ishmael became prominent as a merchant, and came to be known as Quraish a merchant. The name struck, and after him all his descendants came to be known as Quraish. True to their name they followed the profession of merchants, and established trade relations with other countries.
In the fifth century C.E., Qusai a descendant to Fihr made himself the master of Makkah. He renovated the Kaaba, and set up a colony of the Quraish in the immediate neighbourhood of the sacred precincts of the Holy Kaaba. Qusai died in 480 CE., and was succeeded by Abd Manaf, who was in turn succeeded by Hashim. Hashim made a great name for himself for his generosity and hospitality. Hashim died young, and was succeeded by his brother Al-Muttalib. Al-Muttalib was succeeded by his nephew Abdul Mattalib b Hashim.
Abdul Muttalib was the grandfather of the Holy Prophet. The father of the Holy Prophet was Abdullah who was the youngest son of Abdul Muttalib. The mother of the Holy Prophet was Amna. Her father was Wahab, the chief of the Zohri clan of Yathrib. Abdullah was reported to be the most handsome young man in Makkah. His forehead shone with a particular luminosity which disappeared when after the consummation of marriage his wife became pregnant. Abdullah died at Yathrib, a few months after his marriage, and the Holy Prophet was posthumous child.
Abdul Muttalib named his grandson "Muhammad". His mother called him "Ahmed". Abdul Muttalib held that a great praise. At the time of his birth, his mother saw a brilliant light which illuminated the atmosphere far and wide. His mother had the firm conviction that the fame of her son would spread far and wide.
Early childhood of the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h)
During the first years of his life, the child Muhammad (Peace be upon him) lived in the desert with his wet nurse Halimah and her family of the Bani Sa'ad. In these years in the healthy vigorous air of the desert the young child developed the power of endurance, independence of spirit, and the strength of determination. He also acquired the latest purest Arabic dialect. According to traditions in the later part of his life the Holy Prophet said:
I am the most fluent among you because I am of the Quraish, and because I was fostered among Bani Sa'an b Bakr.
The presence of young Muhammad with the family of Halimah proved a source of great blessing for them. Their milk animals which had dried long ago became productive of milk. According to tradition it was during this period that two angels visited the desert, took out the heart of young Muhammad (peace be upon him), washed it with some divine liquid, and then replaced it. This is indicative of the fact that Muhammad (peace be upon him) was destined to be the bravest, the wisest, the kindest, and the noblest among mankind.

Death of the mother of the Holy Prophet
At the age of five, Muhammad (peace be upon him) came to live with his mother. As she saw him, and listened to his wise talk much beyond his years she felt proud of him. She believed that her son was destined to be a great man. She wanted to show him to her parents. Muhammad (peace be upon him) also longed to see the tomb of his father in Yathrib. Her mother accordingly took him to Yathrib.

When in later life, the Holy Prophet migrated to Yathrib he recalled the memories of his first visit to Yathrib along with his mother. He recognized the tank where he learnt swimming. He recalled how be played with his cousins, and took pleasure in making the sparrows fly.

After a month's stay at Yathrib, the party decided to return to Makkah. On the way back Amna fell sick, and died at Abwa midway between Yathrib and Makkah. At Yathrib she had along with Muhammad (peace be upon him) visited the tomb of Abdullah. The shock of her separation from her husband at such young age was too much for her to bear, and she died because of the intensity of grief. The child Muhammad (peace be upon him) was now doubly orphaned. He lost his father six months before his birth, and he lost his mother when he was hardly six years old.

Abdul Mutallib
On the death of Abdul Muttalib, the guardianship of Muhammad (peace be upon him) was assumed by his uncle Abu Talib. Abu Talib was a real brother of Abdullah, the father of the Holy Prophet. At the time of his death, Abdul Muttalib entrusted Muhammad (peace be upon him) to the care of Abu Talib, and asked him to look after him with love and care as great destiny awaited him.

True to the testament of his father, Abu Talib showered on Muhammad (peace be upon him) the intense love and affection of a father. He never let the young boy felt that he was an orphan or that he was a stranger in the house of his uncle. Abu Talib indeed preferred Muhammad (peace be upon him) to his own sons. Muhammad (peace be upon him) regarded Abu Talib as his mother.

At the age of twelve Muhammad (peace be upon him) accompanied his uncle Abu Talib on a journey to Syria with a trading caravan. At Busra a town in Syrian, a Christian monk Bahira foretold that the young boy Muhammad (peace be upon him) was destined to be a prophet. He asked Abu Talib to take proper care of the boy. Muhammad (peace be upon him) served as a shepherd during his boyhood. According to traditions the Holy Prophet in later life recalling the years of his boyhood said:

I used to look after the sheep of the Makkans at Qararit outside Makkah.
The war of Fijar
When Muhammad (peace be upon him) was fifteen years old, hostilities broke out between the Quraish and Banu Huwazin. It came to be known as the war of Fijar (the sacrilegious war) as it was waged during the prohibited months. Muhammad (peace be upon him) like the other Quraish participated in the war, but his role did not extend beyond picking up the stray arrows thrown by the enemy, and handing them to his uncle Abu Talib.

Social and moral conditions in Makkah
As Muhammad (peace be upon him) grew up he began to look at men and things around him with great concern. The society in which he lived was riddled with grave abuses, and that made him uneasy. The Quraish were given to idolatry, and over 360 idols were lodged in the Kaaba. Muhammad (peace be upon him) failed to realise how could man-made idols be expected to do any good to mankind. Muhammad (peace be upon him) came to abhor idol worship, and when all people around him took pride in praying to the idols, Muhammad (peace be upon him) abstained from the practice of praying to the idols.

The people were addicted to drinking, gambling lewdness, promiscuity, and moral depravity. Woman were treated as chattels, and could be bought and sold at will. Poets sang of moral depravities with a sense of pride. When a man died, his son inherited his step mothers along with his other property, and could marry them. The birth of a daughter was regarded as a matter of shame and disgrace. Most girls were strangled or buried alive on birth. Slavery was common, and the master enjoyed power of life and death over the slaves. Usury was the order of the day, and the moneyed classes exploited the poor and those in need. There was wide gulf between the rich and the poor.

The people knew of no government. Each tribe led its independent life in its own way. There were acute rivalries and bitter jealousies among the tribes. Swords were drawn on the slightest pretext, and the tribal feuds began spread over generation, exacting heavy toll of life. Blood feuds were over the racing of horses, grazing of cattle, drawing of water and other trivial matters, and were kept alive for generations as a matter of tribal honour. The severed head of a fallen foe was a boasted trophy, and his skull a treasured wine cup.

There was no system of education, and the people could neither read nor write. They were however, proud of their poetry, their language, and their eloquence. In their arrogance they regarded themselves as the epitome of wisdom, and dubbed the rest of mankind as "Ajam", the dumb and speechless. They were steeped in superstitions, and freely resorted to the reading of omens, the drawing of lots, and other scandalous practices. Sorcery and consultation of the oracles were the order of the day. It was the age of "Ignorance", in which evil predominated, and righteousness, virtue and piety were held at nought.

Reaction of Holy Prophet (Muhammad)
Muhammad (peace be upon him) felt dissatisfied with the things around him, and he struck a different line of action by leading a virtuous and righteous life. He was the very soul of honesty. He was very strict in fulfilling his promises. He was considerate, thoughtful, sweet of disposition, forbearing, broad minded, noble hearted and a man of principle. He led a serious life, and did not take part in the frivolities that characterised the Makkah society of the day.

Al Amin
At the early stage of manhood, Muhammad (peace be upon him) came to be known as "Al Amin" (the trusted) on account of his moral virtues and stainless character. He became an active member of the Hilful Fuzul which was a peace committee, the object whereof was to establish cordiality among the different tribes in the Makkah, and to help in the redress of the grievances of the aggrieved persons. In later life, the Holy Prophet used to say that he felt proud of the work that he did for this league, and that this work was more valuable in his eyes than the gift of camels.

On the occasion of annual pilgrimage Muhammad (peace be upon him) used to supply water to the pilgrims, and looked after their comfort. Young Muhammad (peace be upon him) was very keen to help those in distress. When Muhammad (peace be upon him) grew up, he followed the profession of a merchant. He entered into partnership with other persons, and travelled with trade caravans to Syria, Yemen, and elsewhere. In trade hi s transactions were always fair and above board. He was very careful in the fulfilment of contracts and very strict in the maintenance of accounts.

Marriage with Khadija
Muhammad (peace be upon him) made a name for himself in the trade circles for his integrity, honesty, fair dealings, managerial skills and other qualities. Khadija, a rich Quraish lady appointed Muhammad (peace be upon him) as manager of her mercantile caravan to Syria. Maisarah a slave of Khadija accompanied Muhammad (peace be upon him) on the occasion. Maisarah was struck by the unusual phenomenon of clouds sheltering Muhammad (peace be upon him) from the heat of the sun. Muhammad (peace be upon him) managed the affairs with great skill and honest, and as a consequence the business of the lady prospered a good deal. When on return, Muhammad (peace be upon him) the accounts whereby rich profits accrued, Khadija was much impressed with the person and character of Muhammad (peace be upon him). She listened with great interest to the accounts of her slave Maisarah as to how miraculous things happened during the course of the journey, and how Muhammad (peace be upon him) enjoyed the umbrella of clouds throughout the journey.

Khadija had a dream wherein she saw the moon descending in her house. Her cousin Waraqa b Naufal, a religious scholar of eminence interpreted this dream to signify that she would marry to person who would be the prophet of God. Qutaila a sister of Waraqa told Khadija as to how twenty-five years ago she had coveted to marry Abdullah b Abdul Mutallib because of the luminosity of his forehead, and how such luminosity had dissappeared when he married Amna and she became pregnant after the consummation of marriage. Qutaila said that Muhammad was the person whom she had coveted to conceive as he was to be the Prophet of God.

That created in Khadija the longing to marry Muhammad (peace be upon him). Khadija had married three persons one after the other but all of them had died after a brief married life. She was now forty, but had all the charms of an Arab beauty. Many rich persons of Makkah offered to marry her, but she did not accept any proposal. When she came across Muhammad (peace be upon him) she decided to offer herself in marriage to Muhammad (peace be upon him). She sent her trusted man to Muhammad (peace be upon him) to sound him on the subject. The negotiations bore fruit, and Muhammad (peace be upon him) and Khadija were duly married.

At the time of marriage Muhammad (peace be upon him) was only twenty five (25) years old, while Khadija was forty (40) years old. In spite of the difference of age, the marriage proved very happy, a matter of the union of hearts. Khadija looked after Muhammad (peace be upon him) with the devotion of a loving wife. Muhammad (peace be upon him) managed her business with great skill. The business flourished a good deal, and heavy profits were earned. In spite of the wealth as his disposal after the marriage, Muhammad led a simple life, shunning luxury, and spending a greater part of his money in affording relief those in distress.

Three sons (Qasim, Tahir and Tayyib) and four daughters (Zainab, Ruquyaa, Umm Kulsum and Fatima) were born to Muhammad (peace be upon him) and Khadija. All the sons died in infancy.

Arbitration in the dispute about the placement of the Holy Stone (hajar aswad)

At the dawn of the seventh century, Muhammad (peace be upon him) in view of his lofty character, wealth and social status commanded great respect in the society of Makkah. Some time around 605 C.E. the Quraish rebuilt the Kaaba, when a dispute arose among the various sections of the Quraish in the matter of the placement of the Holy Stone (hajar aswad), as each tribe wanted to have this honour to itself. The dipute became serious enough to threaten the unity of the Quraish. At this crisis, Muhammad (peace be upon him) was chosen as the arbitrator. Muhammad (peace be upon him) settled the dispute to the satisfaction of all concerned. He placed the Holy Stone (hajar aswad) on a sheet of cloth, and required the representatives of all the tribes to carry the sheet to the place where the stone was to be affixed. There Muhammad (peace be upon him) lifted the stone and fixed it at the proper place.

Byzantine conspiracy
Among the Quraish of Makkah, there were some persons who felt dissatisfied with the worship of idols. In the search for truth some of them adopted Christianity. One of such persons was Usman b Hawarib. He visited Constantinople and became a party to the Byzantine conspiracy to make the people of Makkah offer allegiance to the Byzantines, and become Christians. Usman brought a hoard of gold with him from Constantinople to distribute it among the Quriah, and win them over to sell their freedom. Usman b Hawarib was related to Khadija, and he tried to take Muhammad into confidence. Muhammad (peace be upon him) turned down the proposal, and thwarted the move to throw Makkah in the lap of Byzantines. The Holy Prophet prevailed on the people of Makkah to reject the offer of the Byzantines as the Arabs could not play a subsidiary role to any other people.
Note: This Knowledge or Information is taken from the Book "History of Islam" by Prof. Masud-ul-Hasan, The Book was published in July 2004, nowadays we are taking Information from his Book, for our Official blog, so that the Readers can have a lot of Knowledge/Information, We feel so much proud to have Book's text on our Website, We hope that you would like our this Important decision, Thank for reading, kindly remember us in your pray.. 

2 comments:

  1. Dear Brothers and Sisters, please read with a humble and open heart.

    بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

    (In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful)

    ‘Holy Quran’ and ‘Holy Prophet’ in Islam

    In Christianity, there are terms such as Holy Father, Holy Son, Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost and Holy Bible. Muslims do not have anything in Islam called as The Holy Quran and The Holy Prophet. Yet, the term Holy Quran and Holy Prophet is commonly and widely used. We have to use the right words to describe The Quran and Prophet Muhammad SAW according to The Quran itself and Hadith.

    Earlier in The Glorious Quran, Allah SWT says:

    The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). [Al-Quran 2:185]



    ‘Holy’ in Arabic means ‘muqaddas’ (مقدس). There is no verse in The Noble Quran or in Hadith that says ‘Al-Quranum-Muqaddas’ (The Holy Quran) and ‘Ar-Rasulan-Nabiyyam-Muqaddas’ (The Messenger, The Holy Prophet). Allah SWT shortly describes The Quran as:

    ‘Quranun-Karim’ (Noble Quran) [Al-Quran 56:77]

    ‘Al-Quranil-Majid’ (The Glorious Quran) [Al-Quran 50:1]

    ‘Al-Qurani-zi-Zikr’ (The Quran Full of Reminder) [Al-Quran 38:1]

    ‘Quranun-Mubin’ (Clear Quran) [Al-Quran 36:69]

    ‘Al-Quranil-Hakim’ (The Wise Quran) [Al-Quran 36:2]

    ‘Al-Quranal-‘Adzim’ (The Great Quran) [Al-Quran 15:87]



    Surah (Chapter) 47, titled Muhammad, second verse is translated as:

    And those who believe and do righteous deeds and believe in what has been sent down upon Muhammad - and it is the truth from their Lord - He will remove from them their misdeeds and amend their condition. [Al-Quran 47:2]



    Short description of Prophet Muhammad SAW in The Noble Quran:

    ‘Ar-Rasulan-Nabiyyal-Umiyya’ (The Messenger, The Unlettered Prophet) [Al-Quran 7:157]

    ‘Khataman-Nabiyyina’ (Seal of The Prophets) [Al-Quran 33:40]

    ‘Ahmad’ (Highly Praised) [Al-Quran 61:6]

    ‘hakim’ (Judge) [Al-Quran 4:65, 24:51]

    ‘rasulin-karim’ (Noble Messenger) [Al-Quran 69:40]

    ‘raufur-rahim’ (Kind and Merciful) [Al-Quran 9:128]

    ‘Muhammadur-Rasulullah’ (Muhammad, The Messenger of Allah) [Al-Quran 48:29]

    ‘Abdullah’ (Slave of Allah) [Al-Quran 72:19]

    ‘muzakkirun’ (Reminder) [Al-Quran 88:21]

    ‘sirajan-muniran’ (Illuminating Lamp) [Al-Quran 33:46]

    ‘nazirun-mubin’ (Clear Warner) [Al-Quran 7:184]

    ‘basharun’ (Man) [Al-Quran 18:110]

    ‘rahmatal-lil’alamin’ (Mercy for all the worlds) [Al-Quran 21:107]

    ‘shahidan wa mubashiran wa naziran’ (Witness, Bearer of Glad Tidings and Warner) [Al-Quran 33:45]

    ‘nurun’ (Light) [Al-Quran 5:15]

    ‘burhanun’ (Convincing Proof) [Al-Quran 4:174]

    ‘uswatun hasanatun’ (Good Example) [Al-Quran 33:21]



    So if someone ask what is the holy book of a Muslim? Say it is The Noble Quran. This makes Al-Quran stands up in its own position. We do not have the authority to name it, call it or give it the title 'The Holy Quran' since Allah SWT and Prophet Muhammad SAW never used that term either.



    Please share with fellow Brothers and Sisters. May Allah SWT grant us understanding and guide us all. Amin Ya Rabbal ‘Alamin.



    Wallahu ‘Alam (Allah SWT Knows Best)

    ReplyDelete
  2. @Al Mulk Thank you very much for letting us know that.

    ReplyDelete